University: here are the things you need to do to have a secure job

Over 3 million workers are served in four years. But with what kind of training? And with what prospects? What does the world of work really want? Between now and 2028 the range goes from 3.1 to 3.6 million (Excelsior Report “Scenarios for orientation and training planning” photographed). The data indicates that the most sought-after degrees in the world of work are those in IT, economics-statistics, teaching and training (including physical activity sciences) and the medical-health sector. In addition, of course, toSTEM subjects (technical-scientific), engineering first. It's true but we don't just need graduates, Italy actually has an extreme need for specialized workers and technicians. We are a country that is moving towards services, but the world of productive work is still predominantly manufacturing and we are too short of qualified workers. We need to think about this for the future of the country”, comments Sabrina Bonomi, professor of business organization at e-Campus University and founding member of the School of Civil Economy.

The employment rate of graduates in Italy has reached 74.6%, an increase of 4 points on the pre-crisis period of 2008, even if we are behind the European average of 89.3%. And the territorial disparity is constant: 89.2% in the North versus 69.9% in the South. The degrees with the highest employment rates in recent years are Industrial and Information Engineering (95.6%), Information Technology and ICT Technologies (94.6%), Architecture and Civil Engineering (92.5%), Economic Sector ( 91.2%) and Medical, Healthcare and Pharmaceutical Sector: (90.9%). And for the future? Stem courses should offer on average between 72 thousand and 82 thousand jobs per year (the engineering courses alone cover between 36 thousand and 41 thousand places). Among the non-Stem paths, first place goes to economic-statistical disciplines (estimated need between 44 thousand and 50 thousand people per year). Followed by teaching and training, including physical education (42-45 thousand units). 38 thousand places per year are expected the medical-health address, around 28 thousand hires for the legal and political-social area. Employment and what about salaries? Degrees in computer science and ICT technologies, together with industrial and information engineering, offer net salaries of more than 2,000 euros per month, while economic ones are around 1,700 euros. Degrees in education and training and psychology do not exceed 1500 euros per month.

Digital skills are lacking like hotcakes in Italy. “There are sectors on their knees. Digital skills required for production control are needed (all machines are digitally driven). We need intermediate figures. We are too short of specialized workers and technicians” continues Professor Bonomi. And it is not just a question of high school graduates and recent graduates who are unable to meet market demand, but also of a delay on the part of the companies themselves. Suffice it to say that only 10% of companies are capable of using artificial intelligence, with a further 15% planning investments within three years.

Computer scientists, engineers, doctors and nurses. Specialized graduates are needed, but what does the world of work need to make the country grow and what is it looking for? “In a scenario of uncertainty and complexity, soft skills are increasingly required in graduates. When selecting the world of work, we look for graduates who have a systemic vision, the ability to interpret reality, understand and valorise differences. We are now in a world where a degree is just the start, you have to study your whole life. And the ability to interpret reality and knowing how to continually get back into the game are what makes the difference. And they are the ones who will make the difference for the economic growth of the country”, concludes Bonomi.